Traveling with the Jones — Travel adventures and discoveries of a road warrior couple. Jeff and Janis Jones are frequent fliers, food & wine lovers and weekend adventurers. Inquisitive and resourceful, the Jones enthusiastically explore the world by cruise ship, train, gondola, hiking or the local bus. Here the Jones share their travel discoveries and hard-won travel prowess to inspire others travelers. Come along for their next adventure.
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Since we having an upcoming road trip that involves an overnight stay in Tulsa, we wanted to learn a little more about the state of Oklahoma’s second largest city.

Tulsa, Oklahoma55 Interesting Facts About Tulsa, Oklahoma

1. Tulsa, located in northeastern Oklahoma on the Arkansas River, is the 47th most populous city in the United States with 403,505 residents (in 2015).

2. The area where the city of Tulsa exists today got its initial start after the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830 under United States President Andrew Jackson.

A map of the Oklahoma Territory and the reduced Indian Territory circa 1890's. Source: Wikipedia

A map of the Oklahoma Territory and the reduced Indian Territory circa 1890’s. Source: Wikipedia

3. Under the Indian Removal Act, the U. S. federal government evicted the Creek (Muscogee) people — along with the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw  and Seminole — from their ancestral lands in the southeastern U.S. and forced them to march west to “Indian Territory” — what is today known as eastern Oklahoma.

4. The location where Tulsa exists today was part of this Indian Territory. In 1836, the Muscogee Creek Indians created a formal settlement at what is now the intersection of Cheyenne Avenue and 18th Street in Tulsa.

Creek Nation Council Oak Tree, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo by W. R. Oswald.

Creek Nation Council Oak Tree, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo by W. R. Oswald.

5. The Creek nnamed their settlement “Tallasi,” which means “old town,” and later evolved into “Tulsa.”

6. In 1882 the railroad arrived in Tulsa, attracting white settlers to the small town as it became a cattle-shipping point.

7. On January 18, 1898, Tulsa was officially incorporated. Edward Calkins was elected as the town’s first mayor. Population is reported as 1,100.

8. An oil boom fueled Tulsa’s growth. On June 25, 1901 John Wick and Jesse Heydrick found oil near the village of Red Fork, across the Arkansas River from Tulsa. Today the location of the “Red Fork Gusher” is a neighborhood in southwest Tulsa.

9. Then, on November 22, 1905, two oil prospectors — Robert Galbreath and Frank Chesley — who had been alternating shifts on a drilling rig in the Creek Indian Reservation four miles south of the small town of Tulsa — struck black gold.

10. Bob and Frank’s well started to make gurgling noises and then “blew in over the derrick” with a gusher of 75 barrels of oil per day. Bob and Frank named the discovery “Glenn Pool” after Ida E. Glenn, the woman who owned the land that they had leased.

11. This Glenn Pool oil was light and sweet — perfect for refining into gasoline and kerosene.  The Oklahoma oil boom had begun in Tulsa.

12. Families from the older, developed oil fields in Illinois, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia rushed into the booming area around Tulsa. Young men such as Harry Sinclair and J. Paul Getty learned the business and made their first millions in the Glenn Pool oil field.

13. Royalties of almost a million dollars a year were being paid to some Creek Indians who held 160-acre allotments in the field.

14. By the time Oklahoma became a state in 1907, nearly 100 oil companies had set up shop around Glenn Pool alone.

15. During 1907, Oklahoma produced more oil that any other state in the United States and any other country in the world.

Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1909.

Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1909.

16. Tulsa, formerly known as a small railroad stop, became the undisputed “Oil Capital of the World,” a moniker the city retained for more than six decades.

The

The “Oil Capital” Historic District in downtown Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo by W. R. Oswald.

17. Tulsa’s oil industry success prompted construction booms in the city between 1924-1931. Many buildings were designed in the Art Deco style that was all the rage at that time.

18. Today Tulsa boasts one of the nation’s most extensive collections of Art Deco architecture, including the Philtower and Philcade buildings, the Atlas Life building, Tulsa Club, and the Public Service Company of Oklahoma building.

19. The Tulsa Art Deco Museum — located  in the lobby of the historic Philcade Building — boasts a diverse collection of items from Tulsa’s golden age of Art Deco.

20. Profits from the oil industry continued through the Great Depression, helping Tulsa’s economy fare better than most cities in the United States during the 1930s.

21. While Tulsa remains an important center for the energy industry in the 21st Century, the city now has a diversified economy with aerospace, chemicals, computer parts, industrial machinery, and a plethora of small businesses.

22. Today about 80 percent of Tulsa’s businesses employ fewer than 10 people, and 90 percent of local employment is in smaller companies, according to the Tulsa Regional Chamber.

23. The average income level of Tulsa residents is 11 percent above the national average, while the cost of living in Tulsa is four percent below the national average.

24. The BOK Tower (formerly known as One Williams Center) –a 667 ft, 52-story tower in downtown Tulsa, Oklahoma looks very similar appearance and construction to the World Trade Center towers in New York City (destroyed by a terrorists’ attack on September 11, 2001.)

The BOK Tower in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo by Caleb Long.

The BOK Tower in Tulsa, Oklahoma looks similar to two other famous buildings by the same architect. Photo by Caleb Long.

25. Tulsa’s BOK Tower — built in 1976 — was in fact designed by Minoru Yamasaki & Associates, the same architect who designed the World Trade Center in New York City.

26. While one might not think of Tulsa as a port city, the Tulsa Port of Catoosa on the Verdigris and Arkansas rivers ranks among America’s busiest inland river ports. More than 2.2 million tons of cargo passing through it annually.

27. Tulsa has more man-made lakes than any other city in the United States.

28. Tulsa’s Gilcrease Museum houses the world’s largest collection of art and artifacts from the American West. The vast collection, amassed by Tulsa oil magnate Thomas Gilcrease, was purchased by the city in 1955.

29. Mayfest — a 4-day outdoor music and arts festival in downtown Tulsa — attracts 250,000 attendees each year.  In 2018, Mayfest will take place May 17- 20 on Main Street between 3rd and 6th.

30. The Tulsa Drillers baseball team — a Double-A affiliate of the os Angeles Dodgers — plays at ONEOK Field in the historic Greenwood district adjacent to downtown Tulsa. Pro baseball players Matt Holliday, Sammy Sosa, R.A. Dickey, Ivan “Pudge” Rodriguez, and Mark Teixeira all played for the Tulsa Drillers before advancing to the big leagues.

31. ONEOK Field (named for a natural gas company) is also home of the Tulsa Roughnecks FC of the United Soccer League.

32. The 19,199-seat BOK Center, or Bank of Oklahoma Center, is Tulsa’s primary indoor sports and event venue since its opening in August, 2008. The building — designed by César Pelli, the architect of the Petronas Towers in Malaysia — was built at a cost of $196 million.

33. The BOK Center is the home of the Tulsa Oilers, a minor league hockey team affiliated with the St. Louis Blues. The “Ice Oilers” as some locals call them — play in the ECHL — a mid-level professional ice hockey league.

34. Oklahoma has two state fairs. Not to be confused with the Oklahoma State Fair, the Tulsa State Fair takes place every September beginning on the fourth Thursday after Labor Day.  In 2017, the fair and exposition at Tulsa’s Expo Square attracted about 1,150,000 visitors.

35. At the entrance to the Tulsa Expo Center stands the sixth–tallest statue in the United States, and the most photographed landmark in Tulsa. It is the Golden Driller — a 75-foot-tall, 43,500-pound statue of an oil worker.

The 'Golden Driller

The ‘Golden Driller” in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Photo by Timdayf5.

36. Originally built in 1952 for the International Petroleum Exposition, the Golden Driller statue was permanently installed in front of the Tulsa Expo Center for the 1966 International Petroleum Exposition.

37. Frustrated by the region’s poor roads, Tulsa businessman Cyrus Avery started pushing for improvement, becoming Oklahoma’s Highway Commissioner in 1924. When the federal government started planning an interstate highway from Chicago to Los Angeles, Avery lobbied for the route to run southwest rather than over the Rocky Mountains.

38. In 1927, Avery established the U.S. Highway 66 Association in Tulsa. As a result of his efforts, the road that would become Route 66 was laid through Arizona, New Mexico, the Texas panhandle, and (conveniently) Tulsa.

Meadow Gold sign, Route 66, Tulsa, Oklahoma

Meadow Gold sign, Route 66, Tulsa, Oklahoma

39. Tulsa’s famous neon Meadow Gold sign became a Route 66 landmark. Built during the Great Depression to promote the Beatrice Food Company, the sign still sits at the intersection of 11th Street and Quaker Avenue in Tulsa.

40. Clinton Riggs, a Tulsa police officer, invented the “yield” road sign, first testing his creation by posting a sign at the corner of First Street and Columbia Avenue in 1950. Collisions decreased, and the signs spread throughout Tulsa, America, and the world. When Riggs died in 1997, a yield sign was engraved onto his tombstone.

41. During the late 1950s, the first transistorized sportfishing sonar device was invented by Carl Lowrance and his sons in Tulsa. Today, the local Lowrance Electronics Co. specializes in marine electronics and Global Positioning System devices.

42. Tulsa has 15 institutions of higher education, including two private universities that compete at the NCAA Division I level for sports: the University of Tulsa Golden Hurricane, and the Oral Roberts University Golden Eagles.

43. Founded in 1894, the University of Tulsa (TU) is a private research university known for its law, English, computer science, psychology, and engineering programs.  Prominent TU alumni  include current Walmart CEO Doug McMillon, Golden Girls actress Rue McClanahan, radio legend Paul Harvey,  Cherokee Nation Chief Chad “Corntassel” Smith, and Brazilian billionaire businessman Ermirio Pereira de Moraes.

44. The University of Tulsa acquired The Bob Dylan Archive in 2016.  TU also manages the Gilcrease Museum, which includes one of the world’s largest collections of American Western.

45. Gordon Matthews, born in Tulsa and a University of Tulsa graduate, filed a patent for “voice message exchange” in 1979. Granted in 1983, Matthews’ U.S. Patent No. 4,371,752 was significant for the development of voicemail.

46. Oral Roberts University, founded in 1963 by evangelist Oral Roberts, is an ultra-conservative Christian institution that helped Tulsa earn the moniker as “the buckle of the bible belt.”

47. A sculpture of two 60-foot-tall praying hands (made of 30 tons of bronze) marks the entrance to the campus of Oral Roberts University, which counts Kathie Lee Gifford and Joel Osteen among its alumni.


48. S.E. (Susan Eloise) Hinton — born in Tulsa and a 1966 graduate of Will Rogers High School — had, at age 17, her young adult novel — The Outsiders published.


49. The 1983 cult classic film The Outsiders — based on Hinton’s novel — was actually shot on-site in Tulsa where the story was set.  The movie was directed by Francis Ford Coppola, and starred a number of young actors on their way to major fame including Tom Cruise, Patrick Swayze, Diane Lane, Matt Dillon, Rob Lowe, and Emilio Estevez.


50. In addition to The Outsiders, several films starring “Brat Pack” actors were filmed in Tulsa in the early 1980s including Tex  (1982), Rumble Fish
(1983) and Fandango(1985).

51. Tulsa made a splash at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival when Sterlin Harjo featured his critically acclaimed film Four Sheets to the Wind in 2007. The film, which takes place in Tulsa, opens with the line, “Every now and then, good things happen in Oklahoma.”

52. Garth Brooks, an American singer and songwriter known for integrating rock and roll elements into the country genre, was born in Tulsa on February 7, 1962. Brooks is one of the music industry’s best-selling solo artist, having sold more than 170 million records.

53. Tulsa’s Woodward Park is home to the Anne Hathaway Herb Garden—named after the wife of English playwright William Shakespeare (not the Oscar-winning actress.)

54. After she visited Hathaway’s cottage near Stratford-upon-Avon, England, Tulsa resident Jewell Huffman designed the plot in 1939. Styled like a formal English garden, it includes medicinal and culinary herbs like rosemary and catmint.

55. On a road trip through the Great Plains and southwestern U.S., one is never far from a QuikTrip, a chain of gas and convenience stores with legendary apple fritters.  Established in 1958 by Tulsa residents Burt Holmes and Chester Cadieux, the original store opened on Peoria Street. Still headquartered in Tulsa, the company now has more than 750 locations.

Resources to Learn More About Tulsa

For further information on Tulsa, Oklahoma, check out these resources:
Tulsa Oil Capital of the World
Insiders’ Guide® to Tulsa

What fun fact can you add about Tulsa?

Let us know via TwitterFacebookPinterest or Instagram.

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There are numerous sites to enjoy during a visit to Oslo, Norway — from the angry baby statute at Vigeland Sculpture Park, to explorer Thor Heyerdahl’s Kon-Tiki raft, to the Oslo City Hall where the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded each December.

City Hall, Oslo, NorwayOne famous Oslo highlight we’ve never managed to see during our visits: The Scream painting by Nordic artist Edvard Munch.

"The Scream" by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch.

“The Scream” by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch.

A pioneer of expressionism, Munch’s most famous painting portrays an agonized figure set against a blood red sky, with the Oslo fjord landscape in the background.

Two locations to view The Scream

Munch created multiple versions of The Scream in different media between 1893 and 1910. The earliest painted version is housed in the National Gallery of Norway.

The National Gallery (written as Nasjonalgalleriet in Norwegian) is located at
Universitetsgata 13, which is about a 20-minute walk from the waterfront/city hall area.

Home to Norway’s largest public collection of paintings, drawings and sculptures (including Edvard Munch’s “Madonna” and “The Scream”) the National Gallery is closed on Mondays.

On Thursdays, admission is free. For visits on other days of the week, adult admission costs 120.00 Norwegian kroner, with discounts for students and seniors. Children under 18 are free. The National Gallery entry ticket is also valid on the same day at the Museum of Contemporary Art and the National Museum – Architecture.

Visitors who purchase the Oslo Pass receive free admission to the National Museum.

Norwegian painter Edvard Munch in 1933.

Norwegian painter Edvard Munch in 1933.

The Munch Museum

The Munch Museum — located farther from Oslo’s waterfront at 53 Tøyengata — houses two other versions of The Scream along with a large collection of other artworks left to the city of Oslo by Edvard Munch.

While open daily 10 am to 5 pm during the summer season, the Munch Museum is closed on Tuesdays during the rest of the year.

Admission is 120.00 Norwegian kroner for adults, and free for those under age 18. Visitors with the Oslo Pass get free entry.

Resources for More on Edvard Munch

To learn more about Edvard Munch, check out these books:
Edvard Munch: 1863-1944

Edvard Munch: Behind the Scream

Edvard Munch: Between the Clock and the Bed

Have you viewed one or more versions of The Scream in Oslo?

Let us know your thoughts via TwitterFacebookPinterest or Instagram.

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We recently returned from a trip to Chengdu, China,  a the capital city of the Sichuan province known for panda bears, spicy food and face-changing opera.

Interact with us on Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest or Instagram.While we thoroughly enjoyed our stay in this rapidly-growing city of more than 14 million people in Western China, we have some tips to share if you are planning a visit.

China blocks many familiar and frequently-used websites and apps such as Google, Facebook, Instagram and many others. If you rely on these applications to stay in touch, you will will find them not working when you try to access them in China. Work around this issue by getting a VPN before you go.

A VPN is a virtual private network within the wider internet that allows users to send and receive data while maintaining the secrecy of a private network. We used Express VPM  which cost about $12 for a month of use.

English is not commonly  spoken or understood — even by taxi drivers, hotel bellman and tour guides — in Chengdu. Of course there are exceptions but it is good to have a translator on your smartphone. Google Translate works if you have a VPN, but the free, basic Pleco app works better in China. Pleco is an all-in-one Chinese dictionary and document reading app that is available for use with iPhone, iPad, or iPods as well as Android devices.

While free Wi-Fi is available in China, it can be difficult to access without knowing Mandarin and having a local phone number. If you want to have readily available, inexpensive mobile Wi-Fi, get a Glocal Me my-fi device (works in many countries around the world)

Via AMAZON, we bought the GlocalMe G3 4G LTE Mobile Hotspot. This device (which is about the size of an iPhone 6) worked great to leave on and carry in our day bag – giving us fast Wi-Fi everywhere we went. (We also used this device while traveling in Europe and Japan.)

Mobile payments by smartphone are used everywhere in Chengdu, but Apply Pay is not a frequently used platform. While we didn’t use it, WeChat is widely utilized for communications and payments. We would advise downloading and setting up the WeChat app before you travel to China.

For payments, we used cash, withdrawing Chinese yuan from ATMs. For a rough estimate of how much something cost in US dollars, we divided the yuan price by 6 and rounded up.

Designated by the Chinese government as the country’s western center of logistics, commerce, finance, science and technology hubs, Chengdu is a vibrant, ever-changing city that’s fascinating to visit.

Have you visited Chengdu, China? What know-before-you-go travel tip can you add?

Interact with us on TwitterFacebookPinterest or Instagram.

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15 Fun Facts About Horta, Azores

In early April, we hope to visit the Azores via a transatlantic cruise.  Several years ago we planned to visit these Portuguese islands in the Atlantic Ocean during a cruise from Spain to Florida. Unfortunately, the port call was canceled due to poor weather conditions. This year, our cruise itinerary includes two stops in the Azores: first in Horta, on the island the island of Faial; followed by a port call in Ponta Delgada, on São Miguel Island.

Wanting to make the most of our day, we did a little research to learn the city of Horta on the Azorean island of Faial.

Horta, Faial, Azores, Portugal

The City of Horta and Horta Bay, Azores.

15 Fun Facts About Horta, Azores

1. The city of Horta is home to approximately 7,000 people, making it the largest municipality on the Azorean island of Faial.

2. Known as the “blue island” due to the plethora of blue-colored hydrangeas that bloom every summer, Faial Island covers 68 square miles and has a population of 15,038.

3. Horta is capital of the island of Faial, and is also the home of the Azorean regional parliament.

4. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the small town of Horta prospered as a stopover on transatlantic sailing routes between Europe and the New World. Horta became an important stop for North American whalers, and as a refueling port for coal-powered ships during their transatlantic passages.

A vista of the village of Horta, Faial from the New Bedford Whaling Museum, c.1842 (Purrington & Russel)

A vista of the village of Horta, Faial from the New Bedford Whaling Museum, c.1842 (Purrington & Russel)

5. Horta also served as the staging and export center for Azorean goods being shipped to Europe or North America. Exports included Azorean oranges, whale oil, woad (a plant used to make blue dye), and  wines from the nearby island of Pico.

6. In August. 1893 the first underwater telegraph cables linked Horta and Lisbon. Horta became an important post in intercontinental communications between 1893 and 1969.

7. Horta also played a role in aviation history when U.S. Navy Captain Albert C. Read piloted his NC-4 float plane into the Bay of Horta in May, 1919. This was the first Atlantic leg of the first transatlantic flight.

Pan Am Yankee Clipper flying boat, 1939

The Pan American World Airways Boeing 314 Yankee Clipper (serial NC18603), circa 1939. This aircraft started the Transatlantic mail service.

8. On May 20, 1939 Pan American’s B-314 Yankee Clipper departed New York for the first scheduled mail service across the Atlantic. The ship flew the across the southern Atlantic, stopping in Horta before landing in Lisbon after 27 hours of flight time.

9. On June 28, 1939, Horta became a scheduled way point on the new Pan Am Clipper flying boat routes between North America and Europe. The flying boats would dock in Horta harbor.

10. By 1960, yachts began using Horta’s sheltered port during transatlantic voyages.

Pier at Horta Marina. Photo by Jameslwoodward.

A pier at Horta Marina, showing calling cards of visiting yachts painted on the ground. Photo by Jameslwoodward.

The walls and walkways of the Horta marina are covered with visitor paintings that note the vessels, crews, and the years they visited.

11. Peter’s Cafe Sport, a restaurant and bar located across from the marina in Horta, is known world-wide as a meeting place for visiting sailors, as well as its gin and tonics.

Anthony Bourdain visits Peter’s Cafe Sport during his Season 5 No Reservations show on the Azores.

12. The cafe is also home to Peter’s Scrimshaw Museum which houses a significant collection of artifacts and artwork carved from whale tooth and jawbone. Sailors on whaling vessels would create scrimshaw handicrafts to alleviate the monotony and boredom during the long days at sea between the occasional excitement of chasing and capturing a whale.

13. The Horta Regional Museum houses a permanent exhibit detailing the 1957 volcanic eruption in the Azores, called the Exhibition of Capelinhos Volcano.  Visitors to this Horta museum can also view a collection of scale models of buildings, ships, and people carved from fig kernels.


14. Mark Twain visited Horta in June 1867, near the beginning of a long pleasure-cruise  to Jerusalem. Twain described his visit to Horta in his semi-autobiographical book The Innocents Abroad, complimenting the physical appearance of Horta:

The town has eight thousand to ten thousand inhabitants. Its snow-white houses nestle cosily in a sea of fresh green vegetation, and no village could look prettier or more attractive. It sits in the lap of an amphitheater of hills which are three hundred to seven hundred feet high, and carefully cultivated clear to their summits – not a foot of soil left idle.

Twain was less complimentary about the inhabitants of Horta and Faial at the time:

The group on the pier was a rusty one — men and women, and boys and girls, all ragged, and barefoot, uncombed and unclean, and by instinct, education, and profession, beggars. They trooped after us, and never more, while we tarried in Fayal, did we get rid of them.

Monte Da Guia, Horta, on the Azorean island of Faial.

Monte Da Guia connects to the city of Horta, on the Azorean island of Faial.

15. Monte Da Guia is a piece of land on a volcanic cone. Hiking this area offers a fantastic view of the city of Horta and the Porto Pim Bay.

To Learn More About the Azores:

Check out these resources:

Top 10 Azores

Michelin Green Guide Portugal Madeira The Azores

Have you visited Horta or other islands of the Azores?

If so, let us know your favorite spots via TwitterFacebookPinterest or Instagram.

 

 

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